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Civil Defence & Emergency
~ Ngā Whakahaere Whawhati Tata

civil defence


The Civil Defence Emergency Management (CDEM) Act 2002

The Civil Defence Emergency Management Act (CDEM Act) 2002 came into effect on 1 December 2002. It replaced the Civil Defence Act 1983.

CDEM Act 2002 - Principal Provisions

The CDEM Act 2002 updates and redefines the duties, functions and powers of central government, local government, emergency services, lifeline utilities and the general public.

Purpose of the CDEM Act 2002

The CDEM Act 2002 improves/promotes:

  • the reduction of risks through partnerships with communities
  • the reduction of community disruption from avoidable hazards and risks
  • the reduction of fiscal risks from the costs of disruption
  • more effective and efficient emergency readiness, response and recovery through the integrated activities of responsible agencies and relevant disciplines
  • a culture, processes and structures that encourage and enable people and communities to undertake risk management, build operational capabilities for response and recover from emergencies.

 Other Relevant Matters

The purpose of the CDEM Act 2002 is to:

  • improve and promote the sustainable management of hazards to contribute to well-being, the safety of the public and the protection of property
  • encourage and enable communities to achieve acceptable levels of risk by applying risk management
  • provide for planning and preparation for emergencies and response and recovery in the event of an emergency
  • require local authorities to coordinate CDEM through regional groups
  • integrate local and national CDEM planning and activity
  • encourage the coordination of emergency management across emergency sectors

The CDEM Framework involves several instruments of which the CDEM Act 2002 is but one. The instruments of the CDEM Framework include:

  • CDEM Regulations
  • National CDEM Strategy
  • National CDEM Plan
  • CDEM Group Plans
  • Director's Guidelines
  • other statutes (e.g. Biosecurity Act 1993, Building Act 1991, Fire Service Act 1975, Forest and Rural Fires Act 1977, Hazardous Substances and New Organisms Act 1996, Health Act 1956, Health and Safety in Employment Act 1992, Local Government Act 1974, Maritime Transport Act 1994, Resource Management Act 1991).

Other CDEM Related Legislation

Legislation relating to CDEM is not just limited to the Civil Defence Emergency Management Act 2002. A variety of other legislation impacts on CDEM. These Acts may place requirements on particular groups, assist in land use planning and hazard identification or they may be the Acts that govern particular lifeline utilities. They all play a role in CDEM and may be useful as reference points for those wanting additional information about a particular issue in the CDEM Act 2002.

They include:

  • Accident Insurance Act 1998
  • Biosecurity Act 1993
  • Broadcasting Act 1989
  • Building Act 1991
  • Chatham Island Council Act 1995
  • Customs and Excise Act 1996
  • Defence Act 1990
  • Earthquake Commission Act 1993
  • Energy Companies Act 1992
  • Fire Service Act 1975
  • Forest and Rural Fires Act 1977
  • Gas Act 1992
  • Hazardous Substances and New Organisms Act 1996
  • Health Act 1956
  • Health and Safety in Employment Act 1992
  • Hospitals Act 1957
  • Local Government Act 1974
  • Local Government Official Information and Meetings Act 1987
  • Maritime Transport Act 1994
  • New Zealand Public Health and Disability Act 2000
  • Port Companies Act 1998
  • Public Works Act 1981
  • Resource Management Act 1991
  • Telecommunications Act 1987

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